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Pure Hydrochloric Acid (HCl) is an inorganic acid. It is also known as muriatic acid and aqueous hydrogen chloride. It is a clear, colorless to light yellow liquid at room temperature with a potentially irritating odor. It has an approximate Ka of 1.3 x 10-6, and as such is classified as a strong acid.
Hydrochloric Acid 37% ACS Reagent Grade is a highly corrosive and versatile chemical compound that is commonly used in various laboratory, industrial, and commercial applications. It is a clear and colorless liquid with a sharp and pungent odor, and a highly reactive nature due to its strong acidity.
One of the key benefits of Hydrochloric Acid is its use as a laboratory reagent. It is commonly used in chemical analysis and research as a highly effective acid for the dissolution of many types of substances, including minerals, metals, and organic compounds. Hydrochloric Acid is also used in the production of various chemicals and materials, such as plastics, fertilizers, and pharmaceuticals.
Acids are used to remove mineral deposits, rust stains, and hard water deposits. They can remove discoloration from some metals, such as aluminum, brass, bronze, and copper. Some acids are effective both in cleaning and disinfecting surfaces.
Very Mild Acids Mildly acidic cleaners are used to dissolve hard water deposits, remove mild rust stains, and eliminate soap film from around the sink and on shower doors. They are useful in removing tarnish from brass and copper.
Mildly acidic cleaning products include vinegar (acetic acid) and lemon juice (citric acid). Mild cleaners made from these acids are safe for use around children and pets. Other acids are often found in household cleaning products.
Acetic acid is the acid in clear white vinegar and is a natural all-purpose cleaning agent. It is best for general household cleaning on surfaces that can tolerate a strong, acidic product. Vinegar removes hard water deposits from glassware, rust stains from sinks, and tarnish from brass and copper. After using alkaline cleaners, acetic acid can be used as a mild deliming rinsing agent. Although vinegar is widely used as a disinfectant in household cleaning, the packaging cannot claim the product as a disinfectant because it is not registered with the EPA.
In commercial products, citric acid is used to remove hard water buildup on dishes and glassware. It is also used as an acid spotter to remove coffee and tea stains, yellowing/browning discolorations, water stains, and urine or feces stains. Some commercial products that contain citric acid are water-based and may cause corrosion or rust on metals. Wash and dry the metal after cleaning to prevent rust.
Cream of tartar is a very mild acid salt. Made into a paste with water, it can be used to clean brass and copper, brighten aluminum, remove rust, and freshen coffee makers. Mix a small amount with vinegar to create a nonabrasive cleaner for use on grout, mold and mildew, oven tops, and cookware.
Phosphoric acid is a clear, colorless, odorless liquid. It is very mild, yet more acidic than vinegar or lemon juice. Commonly used for rust removal, it works quite well on most types of bathroom stains. In commercial products, phosphoric acid is found in tub, tile, sink, and toilet bowl cleaners.
Very Strong Acids Strongly acidic cleaners are highly toxic. They may be corrosive, meaning they can eat away at metal surfaces or human tissue. Avoid getting them on your skin or in your eyes. Avoid getting them on other materials since the acids may have bleaching effects, eat through metals, or etch (scratch) surfaces and porcelain enamel. Always read the labels on the products you buy and follow the directions to ensure your own safety. See the Caution section (at the end of this Acids section) for more information on safe use.
Hydrochloric acid comes from a mixture of common table salt and sulfuric acid. Concentrated solutions of hydrochloric acid are extremely corrosive. Diluted solutions are commonly found in household cleaning products. Very dilute solutions are only mildly corrosive. When using hydrochloric acid, be careful to not let the cleaner come in contact with eyes and skin.
Hydrochloric acid is used in toilet bowl cleaners to remove dirt and grime. It is used for cleaning mortar spills off new bricks, removing rust from metals and other surfaces, and etching floors before sealing them. This product eats cotton, rayon, and mortar and is very corrosive to metals. In commercial products, hydrochloric acid is also called muriatic acid and is used for cleaning concrete; the acid cleans the concrete by etching away the top layer.
Oxalic acid is a bleaching agent that is an effective rust remover. It is poisonous and corrosive. Make sure to keep children and pets away while using this product. Dispose of cloths and brushes used to apply oxalic acid. Otherwise, the acid could be transferred to kitchen utensils and dishes, from which this poisonous substance could be ingested. See the Caution section before using.
Sodium bisulfate (also known as sodium acid sulfate) can be found in toilet bowl cleaners. It is a compound made by combining sodium, hydrogen, sulfur, and oxygen ions. It is a poison and should be used with extreme caution. See the Caution section before using.
Sulfuric acid is a strong drain cleaner and can be found in some toilet bowl cleaners. It also is a powerful oxidizer. However, it attacks nylon, vinyl, and most organic substances. It will burn the skin and emit dangerous fumes. Be sure to use it with caution. Store in a safe place away from other chemicals or heat, and definitely keep it away from children or pets. See the Caution section before using.
Keep products, such as strong acids and alkalis, directed away from skin and eyes when in use. Wear protective clothing, including gloves, safety goggles, and an apron. Immediately wash off any products that you splash or spill on your skin.
Hydrochloric acid is a clear, colorless liquid with a strong, pungent odor. It is known for its high corrosivity and natural ability to break down a variety of different materials. It is also a naturally occurring compound. Hydrochloric acid is found as a dilute digestive substance in the human stomach. It is the main component of gastric acid as it helps break down digested foods. While it is a naturally occurring compound, it is also a popular acid in laboratories and manufacturing and industrial processes. Hydrochloric acid has a wide array of uses through different applications of percentages and mixtures.
Hydrochloric acid has a molar mass of 36.458 g/mol and a molecular density of 1.2 g/mL at 25 C (lit.) It is the aqueous form of HCl gas. It has a pH of around 3. Other names include Muriatic acid, Spirits of salt, Hydronium chloride, Chlorhydric Acid.
Hydrochloric acid is used in steel pickling, which is the process of removing impurities from steel or iron before further processing. Pickling removes iron oxides from the steel before other techniques such as galvanizing or rolling are applied. Hydrochloric acid at an 18% concentration is the most widely used type of the acid as a pickling agent.
Hydrochloric acid is a useful ingredient in household cleaners that are applied to tough stains, like in bathroom tile, porcelain, and toilet bowl cleaners because of its strong corrosive properties. It is also used in the production of other goods like light bulbs, batteries, and fireworks. Hydrochloric acid can also be applied in leather processing, and in producing gelatin products. It can be used to process corn syrups that are found in many foods like soft drinks and sweets. It is also used as an acidifier for canned goods, juices, and sauces in order to prolong shelf life and increase flavor.
Hydrochloric acid is one of the main six strong mineral acids used in chemistry. It is an excellent acidifying reagent, and it is commonly used as the preferred acid in titration for determining the number of bases, as stronger acids give more precise results.
Hydrochloric acid can also be used to regulate the acidity of solutions. This is known as neutralization. Hydrochloric acid can be used to control the pH of water streams, waste streams, and swimming pools.
Oil production utilizes hydrochloric acid as a stimulant when it is injected into rock formations of oil wells. The acid dissolves a portion of the rock, which creates a larger porous body to help extract existing oil.
Hydrochloric acid is considered a hazardous liquid and should be handled with care. The Environmental Protection Agency regulates hydrochloric acid as a toxic substance due to its highly corrosive nature and threat to human health and safety. Hydrochloric acid can greatly damage human skin if it comes into contact with it. Personal protective equipment (PPE) must be worn at all times when handling hydrochloric acid. Splash goggles, face shields, vapor respirators, and rubber gloves are recommended when using hydrochloric acid in the laboratory setting.
Accidental exposure to hydrochloric acid requires immediate management. If acid comes into contact with a part of the body, discard the affected clothing and wash the skin thoroughly. Seek medical attention if irritation persists, as well as if hydrochloric acid comes into contact with the eyes, nose, or throat.
Hydrochloric acid should be stored in a dry, well-ventilated area. Do not store hydrochloric acid with materials such as metals, alkalis, oxidizing agents, or other organic materials. Keep hydrochloric acid in plastic containers, like PVC. Keep the container tightly closed in a safe place.
HCL stands for Hydrochloric Acid. Hydrochloric Acid requires HDPE storage tanks molded to 1.9 SG and can use PVC or PP fittings with Viton gaskets. Also known as muriatic acid, hydrochloric acid is used to acidize petroleum wells, remove scales from boilers, aid in ore reduction and serve as a chemical intermediate, among other applications. 59ce067264